The Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU)
Birth of a baby is a wonderful yet very complex process. Mother and baby both go through with many physical and emotional changes.
A baby must make many physical adjustments to life outside the mother’s body. Leaving the uterus means that a baby can no longer depend on the mother’s circulation and placenta for important physiologic functions.
What is the neonatal intensive care unit?
Newborn babies who need intensive medical attention are often admitted into a special area of the hospital called the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU). The NICU combines advanced technology and trained health care professionals to provide specialized care for the Newborn. NICUs may also have intermediate or continuing care areas for babies who are not as sick but do need specialized nursing care.
Some newborn babies will require care in a NICU. Giving birth to a sick or premature baby can be quite unexpected for any parent. Unfamiliar sights, sounds, and equipment in the NICU can be overwhelming. This information is provided to help you understand some of the problems of sick and premature babies. You will also find out about some of the procedures that may be needed for the care of your baby.